Czechs in Ljubljana
Czechs in Ljubljana
Where did the Czechs leave their mark in Ljubljana?
Take a walk around Ljubljana with us
and discover the traces left by the successful Czechs.
1. Havel's bench
writer and 1st Czech President
Slovenian architect, who operated in Ljubljana and Prague
Did you know that the bench was built in the memory of Vaclav Havel in 2018 by Amnesty International and the Municipality of Ljubljana based on the plans of Czech architect and artist Bořko Šípek?
It’s located in the North Ljubljana city park (next to the railway station). It’s a wooden and brass table with two chairs placed opposite of each other. On the table, through which grows a lime tree, there is an inscription of Havel’s motto: ‘Truth and love have to overpower lies and hate.’
Did you know that Czech president Václav Havel named Slovene architect Jože Plečnik the architect of the new democracy?
Plečnik left a strong mark on the Prague castle during its reconstruction in the 1920s that was carried out under the order of the first Czechoslovakian president Tomaš Garrigue Masaryk. Bořek Šípek was the first architect that made changes and renovations on the castle in almost a hundred years after Plečnik did it for Masaryk.
Did you know that the North city park Navje consists of functionally very different spaces: a memorial park with a pavilion, a promenade and a children’s playground?
The Navje memorial park was constructed according to the plans of Jože Plečnik and Ivo Spinčič in the years 1937 and 1938, there is an arcade vestibule, the so-called ‘Slovene Pantheon’, devised in the classicist style, with four Plečnik’s columns. The park has had the status of a national monument since 2001. The city cemetery, that lay here from the 18 th century, was moved to Žale, that were also architectonically arranged by Jože Plečnik.
2. Puppet theatre or City Home
Did you know that the most famous and the most frequently performed puppet show in Slovenia is Spot the Ball, the work of the author Jan Malík, who was born in 1904 in Czech Republic?
In the 1930s, he was known as a writer, scene director and one of the more important personalities of modern puppet theatre. In 1949, he founded the Ústřední loutkové divadlo (Central Puppet Theatre) in Prague.
Did you know that in the same building – the city home – are also located the headquarters of the Šentjakob theatre, which is one of the oldest European amateur theatres with a permanent repertoire?
It was founded in 1920.
Did you know that the City Home was firstly meant to be used by firefighters?
A few other establishments with offices in the building were the rescue station, the police guardhouse, guard barracks, and the city plumbing and electricity administration – that is how the building got the name City Home.
Did you know that the Home was built on the location of the buried city moat in front of the former Franciscan (monastery) city gate?
The moat was buried at the beginning of the 19 th century, and in 1816, the municipality arranged the space to be flattened and made into a fairground.
Did you know that painter Milan Klemenčič was a pioneer of puppetry in Slovenia?
Fascinated with puppets, he founded a private marionette theatre in Ajdovščina in 1911 and the Slovene Marionette Theatre in Ljubljana in 1920. The productions in these theatres featured puppets, costumes and scenography that he made himself.
3. University of Ljubljana, Rector's office
(Carnolian provincial mansion)
Did you know that what is now the headquarters of the University of Ljubljana used to be the Carniolan Provincial Mansion that was used as the headquarters of the Austro Hungarian provincial committee and the Carniolan governor?
The building of the mansion began in 1896, only a year after an earthquake devastated Ljubljana. Since 1919, it’s the seat of the University of Ljubljana.
Did you know that the building was devised by two Czech architects, Jan Vladimir Hráský and Joseph Hudetz?
Czech architect Jan Vladimir Hráský introduced a proposal for a post-earthquake building of the Provincial Mansion. The building itself was taken on by Josip Hudetz, who worked in Vienna at the time. Hráský’s plans for the interior weren’t changed much, but he did put his own spin on the exterior.
Did you know that the University of Ljubljana itself is the largest and oldest scientific research and higher education establishment in Slovenia?
After its founding, the rectors often faced pressure to abolish it, but today, it’s classified in the top three percent of the best universities in the world. It is among the universities and research organizations with the highest number of research projects among the new European Union countries (EU 13). Even in the middle of the 19 th century, the idea of a Slovene university was still seen as unrealistic and therefore, many Slovenes went to study abroad, including to Prague.
Did you know that the first lecturer at the newly founded University of Ljubljana, linguist Fran Ramovš, had a damaged sleep centre because of an injury he acquired during World War I and could only sleep for three hours a night?
The lecture was carried out on the 3 rd of December 1919 in the university’s main building, today the rector’s office, then Provincial Chamber. It is now called the Chamber hall and is place to the university’s main festivities. – that the first rector of the newly founded University of Ljubljana was Josip Plemelj, one of the most important mathematicians of the early 20 th century?
Did you know that chemist Ana Mayer, who started her doctoral study in Vienna, finished her dissertation on the effects of formalin on starch in Ljubljana on the 15 th July 1920 and became the first PhD, and the first woman altogether, who gained this title at the University of Ljubljana?
Back then, that was exceptional not only in terms of Slovenia, but also Europe, maybe even the world.
Ana Mayer Kansky – the first woman to receive a doctorate from the University of Ljubljana
4. Vegova street - bust of Anton Foerster
Vegova ulica – music school and Glasbena matica on the left (Source: Ljubljana times)
Did you know that Jože Plečnik pictured Vegova street as an important Ljubljana cultural axis?
Along the street, we can see the University of Ljubljana, Upper Secondary School of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Technical Gymnasium Ljubljana, Glasbena matica (an important Slovene musical institution), Music School and National and University Library. The street came to be in the 19 th century after the moat that stood behind the medieval wall had been buried.
Did you know that there is a herma of Czech composer Anton Foerster, who came to Ljubljana in 1867, in front of Glasbena matica?
First, he worked as a bandmaster of the Dramatic Society of Ljubljana and choirmaster of Čitalnica, then the head of music in the Ljubljana minster, where he introduced liturgical singing and rearranged the church music, following the Cecelian movement’s lead. He wrote the first Slovene opera, Upper Carniolan Nightingale. In Ljubljana, he founded an organ school, where he brought up over 150 organists, while also teaching music in other schools and privately.
Did you know that Glasbena matica was founded in 1872 with the intention of supporting Slovene music?
Also involved in the struggle of founding Glasbena matica was A. Foerster. Ten years later, a Slovene musician that graduated from a conservatoire in Prague, Fran Gerbič, became the first headmaster of Glasbena matica’s school, which later became a conservatoire. At the beginning, Glasbena matica’s most important activities were collecting and performing Slovenian folk music, music publishing and journalism.
Did you know that the construction of the National and University Library was finished during World War I, in 1941?
To bar the Italian occupying forces from moving into the new building, people of Ljubljana organised a ‘live chain’ and brought all the books over from their previous home on Poljanska Street. During the war, the library served as headquarters for a resistance movement with a secret bunker in the attic and a machine for illegal printing. In 1944, the building was hit by a German mail plane that tried to land on the library’s flat roof. The
plane exploded and erupted in flame which turned into a fire that destroyed the reading room’s original furniture. Of 50,000 books, only 4000 could be saved.
5. The Josef Ressel memorial
Did you know that Josef Ressel was a Slovene-Czech inventor that is best known for his invention of a ship screw, but has otherwise been known to have thought of about 100 other inventions and innovations, because he focused on new materials and technology?
Many nations claim him for their own: the Czechs for his mother, the Germans for his father, the Austrians because he was a citizen of Austria-Hungary, Slovenes, Croatians and Italians because he spent part of his life on their land. He’s had memorials erected all over the world. In Ljubljana, his memorial has been standing on Aškerčeva Street since 1937. He also has a street named after him (Resljeva Street).
Did you know that the Austro-Hungarian army, into which he wanted to enlist after his graduation from the two-year artillery school in České Budějovice, would not accept Ressel because of medical issues?
That is why he continued his studies at the University of Vienna, where he studied medicine, chemistry and natural science. After that, he studied for two more years, this time at the College of Agriculture and Forestry in Mariabrunn near Vienna.
Did you know that Ressel was one of the most renowned specialists for forestry, even though he never finished his studies at the forestry college?
Because of financial troubles, he could only afford to complete two years and then got a job as a district forester in the Pleterje and Kostanjevica forests (1817 – 1821) in Eastern Slovenia. With his practical terrain work, he quickly proved and made up his knowledge and in 1825 became the forest master in Trieste.
Did you know that all of Ressel’s inventions were devised on Slovene land?
6. National Museum - Rudulfinum
Did you know that the National Museum of Slovenia was nicknamed Rudolfinum (after the Habsburg heir to the throne Rudolf) up until 1921?
In 1888, the building was constructed, the exterior and interior of which was devised by Czech provincial engineer Jan Vladimír Hráský, with the exception of the eastern vestibule and main staircase that were drawn by Vienna architect Wilhelm Rezori.
Did you know that the Slovene National Museum holds the Neanderthal bone flute, the world’s oldest musical instrument?
It was found in 1995 in the underground cave called Divje babe near Cerkno. The dating of the flute suggests it’s 50,000 – 60,000 years old. The flute was made from a bone of a young cave bear into which four small holes have been drilled. When given a clay reconstruction of the flute, academic musician Ljuben Dimkaroski has also managed to figure out and demonstrate how it could be played.
Did you know that the situla from Vače almost ended up being stored in a Vienna museum, not Ljubljana?
In 1881, Ferdinand von Hochstetter from the Prehistoric Commission of Vienna was on a dig in Vače near Litija. He discovered a grave with valuable weapons and other objects and took them to Vienna. A local by the name of Janez Grilc later found a bronze bucket, dated back to the first half of the 5 th century BC and decorated with three belts, on which we can see human and animal figures.
Did you know that the original statue of an Emona city dweller from Congress Square is stored in the National Museum of Slovenia?
The gilt bronze statue of an Emona city dweller dressed in a toga was a part of a gravestone. It was made in the 2 nd century and dug up in 1836 on the Congress Square, where its replica stands to this day. Roman Emona (now Ljubljana) became a part of the Roman Empire during the reign of emperor Augustus in the years 35 – 33 BC.
Did you know that the building of the National Museum of Slovenia is also home to Slovenian Museum of Natural History?
The founding exhibits of the museum are Zois’s collection of minerals and Count Hohenwart’s collection of shells.
Did you know that the Museum of Natural History exhibits freestanding skeletons of a rorqual and a mammoth?
The biggest is the whale’s skeleton that was given the pet name Leonora, while the second biggest, the adult male mammoth that lived 20,000 years ago, became a recognizable symbol of the museum. It was dug up on the banks of the Nevljica river in the foothills of the Kamnik Alps. The museum also possesses a skeleton of a cave bear that used to reign over the Slovene lands in the ice age.
7. Opera and Ballet
Did you know that the building of the Slovene National Theatre Opera and Ballet Ljubljana was once the Slovenian Regional Theatre, that hosted productions of plays and operas?
The fire in 1887 left Ljubljana without the Estates Theatre that stood on Congress Square, where now stands the Philharmonic Society. The planning and construction of the new Regional Theatre was run by Czech construction engineer Jan Vladimír Hráský and Czech architect Anton J. Hrubý. In 2009, it was renovated by Slovene architects Kobe and Zupanc, who also built a modern black annex onto the original building.
Did you know that in 1899, Czech actor and director Rudolf Inemann was the first one to play the role of a ‘Slovene’ Hamlet?
In the years 1894 – 1900, he worked as a director of the Regional Theatre and was succeeded by Czech actor and director Adolf Dobrovolný, who held the position till the year 1906. The Slovene theatre scene was still only beginning to take off at the end of the 19 th century, so a lot of Czech actors worked here.
Did you know that the Czech opera The Bartered Bride lived to see over 550 productions on the stage of Ljubljana’s Opera?
The first production of Bedřich Smetana’s The Bartered Bride was played in the Regional Theatre as early as 1894 and the most recent one in 2019 was coproduced by the National Moravian-Silesian Theatre. The play was directed by Jiří Nekvasil, and the orchestra was conducted by guest conductor David Švec from the National Theatre of Prague.
Did you know that the first professional ballet ensemble and the first ballet school in Slovenia were founded in 1919 by Czech dancer and choreograph Václav Vlček?
Vlček also choreographed the first independent showcase of the ballet dance group from Ljubljana. One of the more notable dancers, who attended the school founded by Vlček and his partner Hana Klimentová, was the first ever Slovene prima ballerina, Lidija Wisiak.
Did you know that the first performance of The Swan Lake in Slovenia was in 1921, lead by Czech dancer and choreograph Václav Pohan?
The lead roles were played by Russian dancer Alice Nikitina and Czech dancer Máša Cvejičová (née Marie Svobodová). The 1921 premiere happened quite some time before most other European capitals decided to produce their own version of the ballet, most of which waited until after the second World War.
Trailer for the opera The Bartered Bride
The making of the opera The Bartered Bride
An aria from the opera The Mermaid
The creation of the opera Katja Kabanova
(Katja Kabanova – behind-the-scenes view – SNG Opera and Ballet Ljubljana)
Trailer for the ballet Doctor Zhivago
(Doctor Zhivago – Drama Ballet – SNG Opera and Ballet Ljubljana
8. Nama (palača Bata)
Did you know that Nama is a commercial business that has been present on Slovene land for over 70 years?
Nama (short for ‘Narodni magacin’ – National Magazin) is a commercial company that was founded in 1946 with the purpose of satisfying the wishes of increasingly demanding customers and was a franchise in SFRJ.
Did you know that in the spot, where there is now the Nama supermarket, a Czech shoe factory built its supermarket Bata?
Before the earthquake in 1895, this was where the Hotel Stadt Wien stood, but in 1938 Czech company Baťa built its shop in its place. In the Bata Palace, there weren’t just shops alone, but also offices, a cinema, a café on the roof terrace and a pool in the basement.
Did you know that opposite of today’s Nama stands Hotel Slon (Elephant) that got its name after an Austrian duke Maximillian II’s pet elephant Sulejman?
In 1552, the Austrian duke was 25 years old and stopped in Ljubljana on his way back from Spain, from where he was bringing presents for Mary of Spain, among which was an elephant by the name of Sulejman. The people of Ljubljana were mesmerised by the mighty animal and later built a hotel in its memory, in the place where it rested.
9. The Bank of Slovenia
Did you know that the plans for the Bank of Slovenia were made by Czech architect Franc Krásný?
The Bank of Slovenia building on 35 Slovenska Road in Ljubljana is built in the modernist style. The building took three years to finish, between 1920 and 1923. The Ljubljana Credit Bank was tightly connected to the Živnostenska Bank in Prague, therefore all its highest employees, i.e. directors and procurators, were Czechs.
Did you know that the then mayor of Ljubljana, patriot Ivan Hribar, brought Czech bankers to Ljubljana?
Politician and businessman Ivan Hribar, then mayor of Ljubljana and the director of the Ljubljana branch of Prague insurance company Slavia, managed to obtain the support of the general director of Prague Živnostenska Bank for founding the Ljubljana Credit Bank. The Slovenes looked up to the Czechs and connecting with them was welcome. In the Slovene political memory, Ljubljana Credit Bank is regarded as the first ‘real Slovene bank’ that paved Slovene businesses the way to an above regional market of capital and surpassed being limited to money saving business.
Did you know that the Czechoslovak capital that came from the Czech Industrial Bank and the Slavia Bank was very important in the time between the two world wars, especially in Slovene banking and textile industry?
10. The Skyscraper
Did you know that the Skyscraper, built in 1933 and measuring at 70,35 metres (13 storeys), was the tallest building in the Balkans up until World War II?
Did you know that the Skyscraper is one of the safest buildings in Ljubljana, earthquake-wise? The statics expert made the calculations while using a factor 35 times bigger than necessary and put the Skyscraper on 16 pillars and foundations 18 metres deep.
Did you know that the elevator was built into the building from the beginning? That was a big novelty in that time. Beside the elevator, the Skyscraper also has a renowned circular staircase. Also, in the café at the top, drinks used to be served exclusively in silver and crystal.
Did you know that Czech director František Čáp filmed the panoramic view from the top of the Skyscraper and used the shot in his movie Vesna, which remained the most watched Slovene movie from its release in 1953 up until the end of the 1970s? The shot resembles the ones used in Czech wartime movies.
Did you know that in the place of Skyscraper used to be a medieval monastery and that the Skyscraper’s foundations have an inscription of a poem by Slovene poet Oton Župančič? It reads: So our seed will always have its field and there will be a roof over our crop’s yield.
11. The National Gallery / National Home
Did you know that the National Gallery is the central national institution of older art in Slovenia that holds the biggest collection of art works from Slovene lands from the High Middle Ages till the 20th century?
The permanent collection, divided by historical periods, includes almost six hundred works of European and Slovene art.
Did you know that the National Home palace, where the National Gallery is situated, was planned by Prague architect František Edmund Škabrout who won the competition, beating 16 other architects?
The palace had a number of rooms for different societies and clubs, space for dramatic productions, a restaurant, a big garden with a dance floor in the back, and gyms in the basement. After 1925, the only clubs left in the building were the gymnastic society Sokol National Home and the National Gallery Society that opened its first permanent exhibition in 1928.
Did you know that the National Home, now National Gallery, was the first public building in Ljubljana that had electricity?
It was already functional at its opening on the 10th of October 1896?
Did you know that the National Home palace was declared a national monument in 1993?
Did you know that today, the National Gallery complex consists of three units – National Home and its neighbouring house, connected by a glass inbuilt building – and after renovations covers 12670 squared metres of area, of which almost 4000 squared metres are used for exhibitions?
Did you know that the gallery offers exhibitions of, among other things, works of Medieval Church art, baroque masterpieces of Gregorio Lazzarini and Giulio Quaglio, Jože Tominec’s Biedermeier portraits, Franc Kavčič’s neoclassical paintings, works of realists Janez and Jurij Šubic, artworks of popular Slovene painter Ivana Kobilca and renowned works of Slovene impressionist painters Ivan Grohar, Rihard Jakopič and Matija Jama?
Did you know that the first time the Ljubljana National Gallery made their guest appearance in Prague was in 1927, with an exhibition that overviewed the evolution of Slovene painting in the last five years which, at least according to newspaper reports, was not successful?
After many decades (16th May 2019 to 17th September 2019), Prague once again hosted the exhibition of almost 500 pieces of Slovene impressionism and other movements that shaped the Slovene cultural space between 1870 and 1930.
Did you know that the National Gallery will celebrate its 60th year of pedagogic activity in 2023?
12. Tivoli Park - Josef Václav Radecký and Václav Hejnic
Did you know that the name Tivoli is of Roman or Italian origin and is the modern name of the ancient town of Tibur?
In Tibur, there is a renaissance villa with a characteristic garden, named Tivoli – after the city. The Ljubljana park got its name after its main building – a palace that was first mentioned in the 13th century as Podturn. Marshall Josef Václav Radecký from Radča (Radetzky) got it from the emperor, renovated it, and constructed a park that he opened to the public. In 1860, he returned the palace, already called Tivoli, to the emperor, or the city of Ljubljana.
Did you know that Czech man Václav Hejnic (1864 – 1929), who learned the gardening trade in Czechia, graduated from the Court Gardening School in Vienna and worked in Paris and London, was in 1892 selected to work as a city gardener in Ljubljana?
He was selected from a pool of sixty candidates. The time of his work was a key period in shaping the Tivoli park, because this is when its central part was constructed in the spirit of secession. Hejnic enriched the park with modern bushes, roses and blooming flower beds. He chose attractive plants, as exotic as possible.
Did you know that Hejnic was responsible for a large portion of greenery in Ljubljana, many tree-lined avenues alongside roads and the Ljubljanica river, and the maintenance of Ljubljana’s bigger parks that he constructed geometrically and symmetrically?
This can be seen by the parks’ paths and plantation arrangements. In arranging the Tivoli park, Hejnic worked with architects Plečnik and Fabiani. The latter came up with the idea of the tree-lined avenue that connects the city centre and Tivoli castle.
Did you know that nowadays Tivoli park sees many visitors, people strolling, admiring nature, relaxing and playing sports?
On the northern side of the park, there is a sports centre, Tivoli Hall and Tivoli swimming pool complex with a fitness gym and sauna. Outside, there are children’s playgrounds, cafés for adults and a mini golf course. On the other side of the park, there is the Boathouse café (Čolnarna) with a view of a pond and colourful flower beds from the terrace. Near the coffee shop, there is another children’s playground.
13. Union Brewery
Did you know that beer brewing has a long tradition in Ljubljana as beer containers, dating back to 3400 years ago, have been found in the Ljubljana Marshes?
In late Middle Ages, emperor Friderik forbade beer brewing in Austrian wine countries, among which were the Slovene lands, because beer was cheaper than wine. With this, beer brewing in Slovenia nearly came to a halt.
Did you know that in Carniola (a big part of today’s Slovenia, including Ljubljana), the old word for beer, ‘pivo’, was lost and beer was referred to by an entirely different name – ‘ol’ or ‘vol’?
The word ‘pivo’ was later taken back into Slovene from Czech. The Czechs were among the first beer brewing masters that came to Slovenia to teach people their trade.
Did you know that the Union Brewery (then Kosler Brewery) was founded in 1864 by brothers Ivan and Peter Kosler as a small family business?
Although Union and Laško were bought by Dutch brewery Heineken International in 2015, all hops that Union uses in its brewing process are produced in Slovenia. Union Brewery is also the biggest sponsor of Slovene sports and a strong supporter of important cultural and social events.
Did you know that beer brewers have their own patron, Gambrinus, the king of beer?
Legend says that he invented beer, but that is not true. He is, however, depicted sitting on a beer keg with a red nose, which suits the craft.
Did you know that you can try all kinds of Union’s beer in the historical building of the brewery, the Union Pub?
Served fresh from the tap: light filtered and unfiltered, special beers, dark beer and radler – nearly non-alcoholic beer with fruit juice.
14. Pool complex Ilirija and bust of Stanko Bloudek in Tivoli Park
Did you know that engineer and architect of Czech origin, Stanko Bloudek, built the Ilirija swimming pool complex in Ljubljana and upon its opening in 1929, it was one of the most modern pool complexes in Europe?
It was the first pool complex in Ljubljana with a summer pool with Olympic proportions, an indoor ‘winter’ pool, a diving tower and water heaters. The building of the complex cost 5 million then dinars, of which 2 million were donated by Bloudek himself.
Did you know that in Planica, Stanko Bloudek built the first ski lift on Slovene ground and constructed and built the first large ski jumping hill in the world, named The Bloudek Giant?
Therefore, Stanko Bloudek was responsible for the evolution of Slovene sport and body culture between the world wars.
Did you know that Bloudek devised and made the first Slovene car Triglav?
In 1933, he became the co-owner and constructor of the Automontaža society that was regarded as the oldest car company in Slovenia. In Automontaža, Bloudek devised and built the first Slovene car and named it Triglav. The car with a two-stroke DKW engine cost 40 000 dinars, but sadly didn’t move past the prototype phase that was shown to the public in 1934.
Did you know that in 1969, a statue was erected in Bloudek’s honour in Tivoli park and that statue was stolen 40 years later?
The bronze bust of the sportsman and sports facility planner Stanko Bloudek (1890 – 1959) was erected on a cuboid stone pedestal and stood in the park under Tivoli hall. In 2008, it was stolen.
15. The Civil Hospital / Slovenijašport
Did you know that where now stands the Slovenijašport building once stood the first civil medical establishment in Ljubljana, and Carniola, that existed between 1786 – 1895 in the area of the Ljubljana Ajdovščina?
In 1784, emperor Joseph II abolished the monastery of the barefoot Augustinians and within two years, it was transformed into a hospital.
Did you know that the Ljubljana earthquake of 1895 hit the monastery-hospital building so hard that it had to be demolished?
In the same place, two new secession buildings were erected: on Slovenska Road 44, on the corner of Dalmatin Street, stands the Slovenijašport building from 1906, devised by Ciril Metod Koch, and on Slovenska Road 46 stands Hribar’s house, made according to the plans drawn by architect Maks Fabiani.
Did you know that Czech doctor dr. Jan Matoušek established the basics of Slovene obstetric terminology with his book on obstetrics which was translated into Slovene in 1818 by Valentin Vodnik?
Did you know that after Slovene linguist, scholar and librarian Matija Čop drowned, his body was taken to the Civil Hospital, where there was also a morgue?
Matija Čop was, amongst other things, a polyglot and master of the Czech language and worked with Czech poetry. He was also one of the closest friends of the biggest Slovene poet, France Prešeren. After Čop’s tragic drowning in the Sava river, Prešeren dedicated many poems to his memory, including the epic poem The Baptism on the Savica.
Did you know that after World War II, the secession building of the Kmetska posojilnica bank was nationalised and the bank liquidated?
Soon after, all of its rooms were taken by Slovenijašport and operated in the same place until the 1990s.
Did you know that the beginnings of Slovenijašport go back to the first year after World War II, when the Fizkulturni Magazin was established?
Its main job was to supply sports organizations and citizens with quality sporting equipment.
Did you know that in April 1979, the president of the Socialist Federative Republic of Jugoslavia ordered that DO Slovenijašport be rewarded a ‘golden wreath’ medal for its work?
The medal was also awarded to eight of its most deserving employees.